Alcohol Specifications

Malaysia

Chemical Industries (Malaya) Sdn. Bhd.

Specially Denatured Alcohol

 

1. Grade 

40

39C

40B CS 40A Anhydrous 40B Anhydrous
2. Denaturant

0.125% v/v tertiary-butyl alcohol,
9.055% w/v brucine sulphate

1% v/v diethyl phthalate

0.125% v/v tertiary-butyl alcohol,
1.56% w/v Bitrex
5% v/v chloroform 0.125% v/v tertiary-butyl alcohol,
9.055% w/v brucine sulphate
0.125% v/v tertiary-butyl alcohol,
1.56% w/v Bitrex
3. Weight per ml (20C), grams - - - 0.856 - 0.862 - -

Quality of ethanol prior to denaturing is as follows:

4. Strength (20C), % v/v 95.7 min. 95.7 min. 95.7 min. 95.7 min. 99.4 min. 99.4 min.
5. Characteristics

A colorless, clear, mobile and volatile liquid, boiling at about 78C, odor characteristic and spirituous; readily inflammable, burning with a blue, smokeless flame

5. Hygroscopic

-

-

- - yes yes
6. Identification

A yellow precipitate produced with alkaline iodine solution

A yellow precipitate produced with alkaline iodine solution

A yellow precipitate produced with alkaline iodine solution

-

A yellow precipitate produced with alkaline iodine solution

A yellow precipitate produced with alkaline iodine solution

7. Miscibility

Completely miscible with water, chloroform, ether and glycerol

Completely miscible with water, chloroform, ether and glycerol

Completely miscible with water, chloroform, ether and glycerol

-

Completely miscible with water, chloroform, ether and glycerol

Completely miscible with water, chloroform, ether and glycerol

8. Acidity, as acetic acid, p.p.m

60 max.

60 max.

60 max. - 60 max. 60 max.
9. Alkalinity

nil

nil

nil - nil nil
10. Clarity of solution

clear

clear

clear - clear clear
11. Apparent density, at 20C, kg/m3 807.6 max. 807.6 max. 807.6 max. - 791.2 max. 791.2 max.
12. Aldehydes, as acetaldehyde, p.p.m

10 max.

10 max.

10 max. - 10 max.

10 max.

13. Benzene/Cyclohexane nil nil nil - nil nil
14. Permanganate time, minutes 30 min. 30 min. 30 min. - 20 min. 20 min.
15. Volatile impurities as butanone (GC), % v/v 0.020 max.
(200 p.p.m)
0.020 max.
(200 p.p.m)
0.020 max.
(200 p.p.m)
- 0.020 max.
(200 p.p.m)
0.020 max.
(200 p.p.m)
16. Non-volatile matter, p.p.m 50 max. 50 max. 50 max. - 50 max. 50 max.
17. Water content by Karl Fischer, % w/w - - - - 0.6 max 0.6 max
18. Specific gravity (20/20C) 0.8099 max. 0.8099 max. 0.8099 max. - 0.7935 max. 0.7935 max.
19. Methanol, p.p.m 100 max. 100 max. 100 max. - 200 max. 200 max.

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