Alcohol Specifications

Malaysia

Chemical Industries (Malaya) Sdn. Bhd.

Undenatured Spirits

 

 

 

Hydrous Ethanol

Absolute Ethanol

1. Grade 

96

PA AR 998
2. Strength (20 C), % v/v

96.0 - 96.6

95.7 min 99.8 min. 99.4 min.
3. Characteristics

A colorless, clear, mobile and volatile liquid, boiling at about 78C, odor spirituous; readily inflammable, burning with a blue, smokeless flame

4. Hygroscopic

-

- yes yes
5. Identification

A yellow precipitate produced with alkaline iodine solution

6. Miscibility

Completely miscible with water, chloroform, ether and glycerol

7. Acidity, as acetic acid, p.p.m

60 max.

60 max. 60 max. 60 max.
8. Alkalinity

nil

nil nil nil
9. Clarity of solution

clear

clear clear clear
10. Apparent density, at 20C, kg/m3 803.8 - 806.3 807.6 max. 789.2 max. 791.2 max.
11. Aldehydes, as acetaldehyde, p.p.m

10 max.

10 max. 10 max. 10 max.
12. Benzene/Cyclohexane nil nil nil nil
13. Permanganate time, minutes 30 min. 30 min. 20 min. 20 min.
14. Volatile impurities as butanone (GC), % v/v 0.020 max.
(200 p.p.m)
0.020 max.
(200 p.p.m)
0.020 max.
(200 p.p.m)
0.020 max.
(200 p.p.m)
15. Non-volatile matter, p.p.m 50 max. 50 max. 50 max. 50 max.
16. Water content by Karl Fischer, % w/w - - 0.25 max. 0.6 max
17. Specific gravity (20/20C) 0.8062 - 0.8087 0.8099 max. 0.7915 max. 0.7935 max.
18. Methanol, p.p.m 12 max. 100 max. 12 max. 200 max.
19. British Pharmacopoeia 1993 complies - complies complies

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