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USA: MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

ETHANOL / ETHYL ALCOHOL


SUPPLIER: 								

ADDRESS: 	

								         	
TELEPHONE No. FOR INFORMATION:
EMERGENCY TELEPHONE No:  
DATE ISSUED:  


1.	PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION
	
	PRODUCT NAME:  Ethyl alcohol 95%	
	CHEMICAL FORMULA:  C2H5OH
	C.A.S. Number: 64175	
	SYNONYMS: Ethanol, Grain Alcohol, 190-Proof Alcohol
	D.O.T. SHIPPING DESCRIPTION:  Ethyl Alcohol, Flammable Liquid, UN1170


2.	HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS / IDENTITY INFORMATION

	COMPONENT: Ethyl Alcohol 95%
	OSHA PEL: 1000 ppm (1900 mg/m)
	ACGIH TLV: 1000 ppm (1900 mg/m)

	PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES:
	
	WARNING! FLAMMABLE! HARMFUL IF SWALLOWED OR INHALED.
	CAUSES EYE IRRITATION.
	Keep away from heat, sparks and flame.
	Keep container closed.
	Use with adequate ventilation.
	Wash thoroughly after handling.
	Avoid contact with eyes, skin and clothing.
	Avoid breathing vapor.

	EMERGENCY/FIRST AID:

	If swallowed, induce vomiting immediately by giving two glasses of water and sticking finger down 
	throat.  Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.  If inhaled, remove to fresh air.  
	If not breathing, give artificial respiration.  If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.  In case of contact, 
	immediately flush skin or eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes.  
	In all cases get medical attention.   See Section 7.


3.	PHYSICAL DATA / CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS
	
	BOILING POINT: 173F (78.3C);  
	SPECIFIC GRAVITY:  (H2O = 1): 0.816 @ 60F (15.6C);
	VAPOR PRESSURE:  43 mmHg @ 68F (20C); 
	PERCENT VOLATILE BY VOLUME:  99.9+
	VAPOR DENSITY: (Air = 1): 1.6; 
	EVAPORATION RATE: (CCl4 = 1): 1.4
	SOLUBILITY IN WATER:  Complete. 
	APPEARANCE AND ODOR:  Clear, colorless, volatile liquid with alcoholic odor.


4.	FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA

	FLASH POINT:  55F (12.8C) TCC   
	FLAMMABLE (EXPLOSIVE) LIMITS IN AIR (% BY VOLUME):   Lower 3.3;  Upper 19.0
	AUTOIGNITION TEMPERATURE: 793F (422C)  
	OSHA CLASS: 1B Flammable Liquid
	FIRE EXTINGUISHING MEDIA: Dry Chemical, foam or carbon dioxide.  Water spray may be used
	to keep fire-exposed containers cool.  Water may be used to flush spills away from exposures 
	and to dilute spills to non-flammable mixtures.
	SPECIAL FIRE-FIGHTING PROCEDURES: Do not use ordinary foam; Do not breathe fumes; 
	Avoid eye and skin contact; Wear full protective clothing and NIOSH-approved self-contained 
	breathing apparatus with full face piece operated in the pressure demand or other positive pressure 
	mode.  Vapors can flow along surfaces to distant ignition source and flash back.  Containers may 
	rupture violently in fire.
	UNUSUAL FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS: Alcohols can react vigorously with oxidizers.


5.	REACTIVITY DATA:
	
	STABILITY: Stable	
	CONDITIONS TO AVOID: Keep away from heat, sparks, flames
	INCOMPATIBILITY (MATERIALS TO AVOID): Capable of reacting vigorously with oxidizing 
	agents, such as nitrates, perchlorates, peroxides, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, etc.
	HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS: Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and Carbon Monoxide (CO).
	HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION:  Will not occur.


6.	HEALTH HAZARD DATA

	ACGIH THRESHOLD LIMIT VALUE: 1000 ppm (1900 mg/m) 
	PRIMARY ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:  Skin Contact; Skin absorption; Inhalation
	SIGNS / SYMPTOMS OF EXPOSURE:
		ACUTE: Exposure to ethyl alcohol vapors in excess of 1000 ppm in air may cause 
		headache and irritation of the eyes, note and throat.  Prolonged exposure may cause 
		symptoms of alcohol intoxication, drowsiness, weakness, loss of appetite, and inability 
		to concentrate.  Exposure to very high concentrations may cause symptoms of alcohol 
		intoxication, headache, drowsiness, tremors, fatigue, dizziness, and unconsciousness.  
		Ingestion of 190 proof ethyl alcohol produces the typical effects of alcohol intoxication.  
		Ingestion of very large doses can cause alcohol poisoning and death.  Contact of liquid 
		ethyl alcohol with the skin may cause drying and cracking due to defatting of the tissue.
		CHRONIC: Repeated, prolonged skin contact can cause drying and cracking of the skin 
		and possible dermatitis.
	MEDICAL CONDITIONS GENERALLY AGGRAVATED BY EXPOSURE: Skin, eyes, liver, 
	respiratory system, central nervous system. 


	EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID PROCEDURES

	EYE CONTACT: Flush thoroughly with running water for at least 15 minutes, including under 
	eyelids.  Get medical attention.
	SKIN CONTACT: Flush area with water.  Remove contaminated clothing.  Get medical 
	attention if irritation persists after flushing.
	INHALATION: Remove to fresh air.  Restore and/or support breathing as required.  Get 
	medical attention.
	INGESTION: If victim is conscious and less than 2 hours have elapsed since ingestion, 
	administer large quantities of water and induce vomiting or gastric lavage.  Do not make an 
	unconscious person vomit.  Get medical attention immediately.


8.	SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION

	VENTILATION REQUIREMENTS: Local exhaust to maintain concentration of alcohol vapors 
	below 1000 ppm.
	SPECIFIC PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT:
		RESPIRATORY: NIOSH approved respirator for organic vapors if ventilation is not 
		adequate.  For unknown concentrations, fire fighting, or high concentrations, use a 
		self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with full face piece.
		EYE:  Face shield, chemical safety goggles or safety glasses with side shields.
		GLOVES: Butyl rubber, natural rubber, neoprene, nitrile rubber, polyethylene, Viton, 
		or other compatible material.
		OTHER: Appropriate protective clothing for the work situation to minimize skin contact.  
		Eyewash stations and safety showers should be available in areas of handling and use.


9.	SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS

	Store in tightly closed containers.  Store in cool, dry, well-ventilated, fire resistant areas.  
	Store out of direct sunlight, away from oxidizing agents and sources of heat or ignition.  
	Electrically bond and ground metal containers during liquid transfer.


10.	SPILL, LEAK AND DISPOSAL PROCEDURES

	STEPS TO BE TAKEN IF MATERIAL IS RELEASED OR SPILLED:
	Restrict access to area.  Keep unprotected personnel upwind of spill.
	Remove sources of heat, sparks, and flames.
	Provide adequate ventilation.
	Contain spill.
	Prevent liquid from entering sewers and confined spaces.
	Use non-sparking tools and equipment.
	Follow federal, state, and local requirements for reporting spills and releases.
	SMALL SPILLS:  Absorb with sand or other suitable material; transfer to suitable disposal 
	container.  Flush area with water.
	LARGE SPILLS:  Dike far ahead of spill.  Use water spray to reduce vapors and decrease 
	fire hazard. Pick up liquid for recovery or disposal when feasible.  Absorb residues with sand 
	or other suitable material; transfer to suitable disposal containers.
	DISPOSAL:  Follow federal, state and local disposal requirements.  Waste residues and 
	liquids may be an ignitable hazardous waste.


	This information is presented as a public service.  It may be copied as desired.
	The information contained herein is provided in good faith and is believed to be correct as of 
	the date hereof.  However, Murtagh and Associates make no representation as to the 
	comprehensiveness or accuracy of the information.  It is expected that individuals receiving 
	the information will exercise their independent judgment in determining its appropriateness for 
	a particular purpose.  Accordingly, Murtagh and Associates will not be responsible for damages 
	of any kind resulting from the use of or reliance upon such information. 	Anyone taking this 
	information to produce a material safety data sheet, should obtain independent verification of 
	information contained herein, prior to publication.

	NO REPRESENTATIONS, OR WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, OF 
	MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR OF ANY OTHER 
	NATURE ARE MADE HEREUNDER WITH RESPECT TO THE INFORMATION SET FORTH 
	HEREIN, OR TO THE PRODUCT TO WHICH THE INFORMATION REFERS.

	IF ANY ADDITIONS OR CHANGES ARE MADE TO THIS TEXT, THEY SHOULD BE AS 
	CLEAR, CONCISE AND UNAMBIGUOUS AS POSSIBLE, AS IT SHOULD BE REALIZED 
	THAT THIS DOCUMENT MAY BE REFERRED TO BY PERSONS UNDER STRESS, IN 
	EMERGENCY SITUATIONS.



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